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What are some ways for teens to lose weight

 What are some ways for teens to lose weight

How to lose weight quickly for a teenager

theory and practice of weight loss

Obesity, that is, overweight, is observed in 40% of the world's population. According to statistics. The main category of patients is people under 25 years old, mostly young women. After 25, the number of patients is leveled, demographic, gender, and age characteristics are not observed. If we talk about adolescents, one in five is obese.

Normalization of body weight is achieved in several ways. The basis is a triad of measures: diet correction, normal, feasible physical activity, the absence of hormonal problems, or their correction.

It is much more difficult for adolescents to lose weight due to the height of puberty when the hormonal background is in a chaotic state, but with the right approach, everything is possible.

Why does a teenager gain weight?

Weight loss in young people is due to a variety of reasons. Some can be corrected on their own, others cannot be corrected at all.

• The most obvious factor is a change in hormonal levels. From about 11-12 years old to 17-20 years old, the body is rebuilt in a new way. This is the so-called puberty, preparation of the body for the implementation of reproductive function. In girls, the level of estrogen increases, in young people - androgens. Sex hormones play a role not only in ensuring fertility, libido, and other reproductive issues. They also indirectly affect the concentration of other specific substances involved in the regulation of vascular tone, lipid metabolism. If the latter is violated, fats will be deposited too actively. Stocks are formed even after a small amount of food.

It is difficult to eliminate the violation on your own. Correction of the diet is required, an accurate calculation of the ratio of consumed and consumed energy, the development of a special diet. The solution to this issue is the responsibility of the nutritionist. It is most effective to lose weight after stabilizing the condition, at the age of 18-19.

• Alimentary factor. Improper, unbalanced diet. Adolescence is the age of increased mental stress. There is not enough time for good nutrition. It includes chocolate bars, fast food, and other dubious things. Rapidly digestible carbohydrates, fats, sugar in large quantities lead not only to increased lipid storage but also to stable deterioration indigestion, and the work of the pancreas. The result may be latent or severe diabetes mellitus. It is difficult to detect in adolescents; it is not always manifested by fainting and coma from excess glucose and insufficient insulin sensitivity. All of these symptoms can occur later. Obesity is considered a risk factor and a specific sign of diabetes at the same time.

Genetic factor. A person is not born with a clean slate from a genetic point of view. Any - a complex hodgepodge of features of the cardiovascular, endocrine systems, and other moments inherited from past generations. If a stable increase in body weight is observed in the family, you should not count on a wasp waist in the future. It is also not worth putting up with the state of affairs, you need to measure the needs and opportunities. It is much more difficult for patients with genetically determined obesity to lose weight due to the resistance of the body. This is not a sentence, if you correct the metabolic characteristics in a dietary way, you can achieve an outstanding result.

Endocrine diseases. The most difficult layer of problems to correct. This includes hypothyroidism, insufficient production of thyroid hormones, already named diabetes, brain tumors, Itsenko-Cushing's disease (excess cortisol), and other diagnoses. Also hypothalamic syndrome. First, the underlying disease is treated, then you can think about losing weight.

Lack of sufficient physical activity.

There is also a layer of nonspecific causes characteristic of all people, not just adolescents.

Diet pills - an overview of effective and safe

Diet appointment

Proper nutrition is one of the main components of body weight correction. To correctly formulate a diet, you need to take into account at least three factors:

The ratio of the patient's weight, height. His complexion, body constitution.

The daily requirement for calories, energy. Determined on the basis of all the same physical parameters plus the nature of the professional activity. In this case, it is rather educational.

Human preferences in food. Without considering gastronomic tastes, it is impossible to prescribe a diet. Because the generally accepted understanding of this term is wrong. A diet in the mind of a person is something transitory, for a short time, in order to urgently lose a couple of kilograms. In fact, the process of losing weight lasts a lifetime: first, bodyweight is returned to normal, then the result is kept at the mark. With a poor-quality, tasteless, non-nutritious menu, there is no question of long-term maintenance of the diet. The patient will quickly break down and begin to eat hard. And the body, having suffered from its owner, store fats in case of another "hunger".

It will not work to decide on the diet on your own. This is a difficult task. It is recommended to consult a dietitian. You can only talk about averaged, rough lists of products, and nutritional recommendations.

What you can and need:

Fermented milk products with minimal fat content.

Legumes. They are ideal in terms of protein content. It is impossible to abuse it because of the high-calorie content.

Coarse bread. Better not soft.

Meat, lean, dietary varieties. Chicken breast, turkey. Sometimes you can afford small amounts of red meat.

Vegetable fruits. Most of them should be fresh. Not less than 70% of all consumed vegetables and fruits without heat treatment. The rest 30 are baked. Boiled. It is recommended to carefully consume bananas, they contain a lot of starch and are very high in calories, potatoes, as well as onions and garlic. In their raw form, they provoke irritation of the gastric mucosa.

Low-fat or vegetable/mushroom broth soups.

A fish. Including red.

Groats. Any. The restriction applies only to decoys. Plus, you should not use fatty dairy products when cooking porridge.

Dried fruits. High quality. Cheap ones are processed with sugar syrup and are not useful. Honey. Also homemade jam without sugar or with a minimum content of it.

Broths, berry, fruit. Kissels and fruit drinks.

What is not worth eating:

Sweets, chocolates, artificial sweets, and desserts.

Cookies, buns.

Fat meat. Red. Moreover, pork, lamb. If only in small quantities.

Canned food, semi-finished products. They contain a huge amount of salt, which disrupts the outflow of fluid, loads the kidneys, heart, and endocrine system. The recommended amount of salt is 7 grams per day.

Fried foods, smoked meats, marinades.

Tea coffee. They can be replaced with granular chicory. It tastes like the original.

As for the recommendations:

Meals should be fractional. 4-6 meals a day. Divided at regular intervals.

The ideal option is to eat at the same time every day. Given the study, this is difficult to do.

Cooking should be done by boiling, steaming, and baking. Frying is an exception.

A sufficient amount of coarse dietary fiber and fiber should be provided in the diet. It ensures the normal evacuation of feces, accelerates weight loss due to natural detoxification.

You need to drink about 2 liters of water per day. Without gas, clean, room temperature.

Given the rapid pace of life of a teenager, you need to provide backup options for food. If it is impossible to take a full meal at the moment, you can get by with a quality "substitute". Vegetable, fruit, etc.

Physical education and feasible loads

Physical activity is emphasized in the framework of body weight stabilization in healthy people. If a teenager has somatic diseases, this point is made as easy as possible. Recommended mechanical activities for weight loss: jogging, swimming, cycling.

If there are contraindications, it is strictly prohibited to engage in physical culture. The body does not tolerate violence against itself. This does not mean that you can lie down and wait for the result. Perhaps it will work, but most likely at some point, there will be a plateau effect: bodyweight will freeze in one place. Therefore, it is worth developing an individual exercise program. Physiotherapy is a worthy replacement.

It is better to entrust this work to a specialized exercise therapy specialist.

Preparations for normalizing body weight

The use of medication at a young age is strongly discouraged. This is a direct path to endocrine disorders, diseases of the central nervous system, dysmetabolic disorders of the brain, and other disorders. Such drugs are prescribed only by a doctor, based on the severity of the situation. The specialist tries not to prescribe centrally acting agents that suppress hunger.

The main acceptable agent is Xenical and its analogs with other trade names. Reduction in extreme cases, as it is considered an anorexic.

There are many absolute contraindications to the use of even these medicines. Including psychogenic disorders of eating habits. Anorexia or bulimia. The result of the uncontrolled use of such funds will be a temporary effect, side effects, and a further increase in body weight after a cancellation (recoil).

What not to do

It is strictly prohibited within the framework of body weight correction:

Take weight loss products without a doctor's recommendation. Also deviating from the recommended dosages. This is a direct path to the development of side effects and a decrease in the effectiveness of the process. After canceling, the mass will first return to its original values, then it will rise sharply. Losing weight the second time will be much more difficult.

Disrupt your diet. All deviations from the developed diet are included in the recommendations themselves. Minute weakness will not show up with extra pounds. And systematic violations can no longer be called a diet.

Stick to a strict diet. All the methods presented on the network and in specialized publications (the Kremlin diet, separate meals, and many others) are non-viable methods. They do not take into account any important factor and provide themselves with violence against their own body.

Exercise yourself with physical activity. By itself, switching to a new diet is stressful for the body. Excessive mechanical activity further aggravates the situation. The opposite effect is possible.

The list is not long, but one minor point can cross out weeks, if not months of hard work. All steps are recommended to be coordinated with a nutritionist or at least with an endocrinologist. Amateur performances are not encouraged. Against the body itself.

How to consolidate your success?

At the first stage, in the presence of endocrine diseases, it is recommended to correct the state of internal organs, hormonal levels. Only then start losing weight. This is a guarantee of high-quality, long-term results.

Diet is an ongoing process. It is necessary to prepare not just for a temporary measure, but for a change in the paradigm, the principle of nutrition. A formulated diet is a guide for a long time, years.

Physical activity must be constantly variable. You don't need to run 100 meters at the same time every day. It all depends on the state of health, the needs of the body. You shouldn't go to extremes. Athletes, even amateurs, are healthy only outwardly.

Losing weight quickly, regardless of whether we are talking about a teenager or an adult, will not work. This is a double-edged sword. It is possible to lose weight quickly, but the patient will gain a lot more after the effort stops. To obtain a high-quality result, you need to radically change your own habits, life, behavior. This is a slow process. The average rate of correct weight loss is 1-3 kilograms per month.

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